Charles M. Lieber- The Story of One of the Best Chemists of The World

Charles M. Lieber- Ups and Downs of one of the best chemists of the world

Charles M. Lieber- Ups and Downs of a genius


Charles M. Liber is one of the most renowned chemists of all time. He was listed as the best chemist of modern time or the 21st century in several scientific journals, also on Fadewblogs previously. 

Today, we are going to recall some of his brilliance and contributions in modern chemistry and also the ups and downs of his life.

Overview:

Charles M. Lieber

Charles M. Lieber born in 1959, is an American scientist and pioneer in nanoscience and nanotechnology. In 2011, Lieber was named by Thomson Reuters as the leading chemistry expert on the planet for the decade 2000-2010 reliant on the impact of his legitimate disseminations. He is known for his responsibilities to the combination, gathering, and portrayal of nanoscale materials and nanodevices, the usage of nanoelectronic devices in science, and as a coach to different pioneers in nanoscience.

Lieber has appropriated more than 400 papers in a companion investigated journals and has adjusted and added to various books on nanoscience. He is the basic designer on more than fifty US gave licenses and applications and joined nanotechnology association Nanosys as a consistent individual supporter in 2001 and Vista Therapeutics in 2007. In 2012, Lieber was granted the Wolf Prize in Chemistry. 


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On January 28, 2020, Lieber was caught on charges of offering fake articulations to the U.S. Branch of Guard and to Harvard experts concerning his collaboration in China's Thousand Abilities Program, which has gotten examination as a threat to public security. The program was made by the Chinese government to pay new specialists for admittance to their investigation. In like manner, his house was 
taken a gander at by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Contributions in modern chemistry:

Charles M. Liber
Charles M. Lieber- the story of a genius

He is known for his commitments and contributions to the amalgamation, gathering, and portrayal of nanoscale materials and nanodevices, the utilization of nanoelectronic gadgets in biology, and as a guide to various pioneers in nanoscience.
  • Nanomaterials synthesis. In his initial work, Lieber explained the inspiration for seeking after planned development of nanometer-distance across wires in which creation, size, structure, and morphology could be controlled over a wide range, and illustrated an overall strategy for the principal controlled synthesis of unsupported single-gem semiconductor nanowires, giving the foundation to unsurprising development of nanowires of for all intents and purposes any components and mixes in the occasional table. He proposed and showed an overall idea for the development of nanoscale pivotal heterostructures and the development of nanowire superlattices with new photonic and electronic properties, the premise of serious endeavors today in nanowire photonics and gadgets. In equal, he proposed and showed the heterojunction idea of spiral center shell nanowire structures] and single-translucent multi-quantum well structures. Lieber additionally exhibited a manufactured technique to present controlled stereocenters – wrinkles – into nanowires, presenting the chance of progressively perplexing and useful nanostructures for three-dimensional nanodevices. 
  • Nanostructure characterization. Lieber created the utilization of filtering test microscopies that could give a direct exploratory estimation of the electrical and mechanical properties of individual carbon nanotubes and nanowires. This work demonstrated that semiconductor nanowires with controlled electrical properties can be combined, giving electronically tunable utilitarian nanoscale building hinders gadget assembly. Also, Lieber developed concoction power microscopy to portray the substance properties of materials surfaces with nanometer resolution.
  • Nanoelectronics and nanophotonics. Lieber has utilized quantum-kept center/shell nanowire heterostructures to show ballistic transport, the superconducting vicinity effect, and quantum transport. Different instances of practical nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic gadgets incorporate nanoscale electrically determined lasers utilizing single nanowires as dynamic nanoscale cavities, carbon nanotube nanotweezers, nanotube-based ultrahigh-thickness electromechanical memory, an all-inorganic completely coordinated nanoscale photovoltaic cell and useful rationale gadgets and straightforward computational circuits utilizing gathered semiconductor nanowires. These ideas prompted the mix of nanowires on the Intel guide and their flow top-down usage of these structures.
  • Nanostructure assembly and registering. Lieber has started various methodologies for equal and versatile assembly of nanowire and nanotube building squares. The improvement of fluidic-coordinated assembly and ensuing enormous scope assembly of electrically addressable equal and crossed nanowire clusters was referred to as one of the Forward leaps of 2001 by Science. He likewise built up a sans lithography way to deal with spanning the large scale to-nano scale hole utilizing regulation doped semiconductor nanowires. Lieber as of late presented the assembly idea 'nanocombing,' which can be utilized to adjust nanoscale wires in a deterministic way autonomous of material. He utilized this idea to make a programmable nanowire rationale tile and the primary independent nanocomputer.
  • Nanoelectronics for biology and medication. Lieber exhibited the primary direct electrical discovery of proteins, specific electrical detecting of individual viruses, and multiplexed recognition of malignant growth marker proteins and tumor chemical activity. His methodology utilizes electrical signs for high-affectability, name-free location, for use in remote/far-off clinical applications. All the more as of late, Lieber showed an overall way to deal with conquer the Debye screening that makes these estimations testing in physiological conditions, defeating the impediments of detecting with silicon nanowire field-impact gadgets and opening the path to their utilization in analytic medicinal services applications. Lieber has additionally evolved nanoelectronic gadgets for cell/tissue electrophysiology, demonstrating that electrical action and activity potential spread can be recorded from refined cardiovascular cells with high resolution. Most as of late, Lieber acknowledged 3D nanoscale transistors in which the dynamic semiconductor is isolated from the associations with the outside world. His nanotechnology-empowered 3D cell tests have indicated a point-like goal in the recognition of single-atoms, intracellular capacity, and even photons.

Current Researches:

  • His momentum research incorporates Nanoelectronics and brain science. 
  • The improvement of nanoelectronics-empowered cell instruments supports Lieber's perspectives on changing electrical chronicle and the regulation of neuronal activity in brain science. 
  • He has likewise evolved macroporous 3D sensor exhibits and manufactured tissue platforms to impersonate the structure of common tissue, and unexpectedly created engineered tissues that can be innervated in 3D, demonstrating that it is conceivable to create interpenetrating 
  • 3D electronic-neural organizations following cell culture. 
  • His present work centers around coordinating gadgets in an insignificantly/non-intrusive way inside the focal sensory system. 
  • He has shown that these macroporous gadgets can be infused by a needle to position gadgets in a picked locale of the brain.
  • This idea of electronics incorporation with the brain as a nanotechnological instrument conceivably fit for treating neurological and neurodegenerative illnesses, stroke also, horrible injury has drawn consideration from various media sources. 
  • Scientific American named injectable electronics one of 2015's main ten world-evolving thoughts. 
  • Chemical and Engineering News called it "the most remarkable science research advance of 2015."

    Awards and Recognitions:

    Charles M. Lieber's works have been recognized by numerous awards and organizations including:
    1. Welch Award in Chemistry (2019);
    2. John Gamble Kirkwood Award, Yale University (2018);
    3. NIH Director’s Pioneer Award (2017 and 2008);
    4. MRS Von Hippel Award (2016);
    5. Remsen Award (2016);
    6. Nano Research Award, Tsinghua University Press/Springer (2013);
    7. IEEE Nanotechnology Pioneer Award (2013);
    8. Willard Gibbs Medal (2013); Wolf Prize in Chemistry (2012);
    9. Fred Kavli Distinguished Lectureship in Nanoscience (2010);
    10. Inorganic Nanoscience Award of the ACS Division of Inorganic Chemistry (2009);
    11. Einstein Award, Chinese Academy of Sciences (2008);
    12. NBIC Research Excellence Award, University of Pennsylvania (2007);
    13. Nanotech Briefs Nano 50 Award (2005);
    14. ACS Award in the Chemistry of Materials (2004);
    15. World Technology Award in Materials (2004 and 2003);
    16. Scientific American 50 Award in Nanotechnology and Molecular Electronics (2003);
    17. New York Intellectual Property Law Association Inventor of the Year (2003);
    18. APS McGroddy Prize for New Materials (2003);
    19. Harrison Howe Award, University of Rochester (2002);
    20. MRS Medal (2002); Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology (2001);
    21. NSF Creativity Award (1996); and the ACS Award in Pure Chemistry (1992) 

    He is an elected member of: 

    1. The National Academy of Sciences;
    2. The American Academy of Arts and Sciences;
    3. The National Academy of Medicine;
    4. The National Academy of Inventors;
    5. National Academy of Engineering; 
    And an elected Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2015).

    Federal Arrest:

    Charles M. Lieber
    Charles M. Liber federal arrest

    On 28th January 2020, he was accused of two federal counts of making a physically bogus, imaginary, and fake articulation about his connections to a Chinese college. As indicated by the Department of Justice's charging document, there are two counts of the alleged crime committed by Lieber. To start with, during an interview by DoD on 24th April 2018, he was found out if he was engaged with the Thousand Talents Program.

    He expressed that "he was never asked to participate in the Thousand Talents Program", adding that "he didn't know how China classified him." The DOJ believes that Lieber's assertion was bogus since a blocked email dated 27th June 2012, from Wuhan University of Innovation ("WUT") incorporated an agreement for Lieber to sign. Second, in November 2018, the NIH asked Harvard University about his unfamiliar affiliations.

    In January 2019, Harvard interviewed him and answered to NIH that he "had no formal relationship with WUT" after 2012. The DOJ believes Lieber's assertion was bogus. He was accused of two counts of disregarding 18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(2), one on April 24, 2018, and one in January 2019 for making the allegedly bogus explanations.

    During his arraignment, specialists executed search warrants at the home and office in Lexington, Massachusetts. The charges against Lieber convey a sentence of five years in federal jail and a quarter-million-dollar fine. Lieber has been set on paid managerial leave by Harvard.

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